Unlike iPhones, Android devices allow you to access their file systems directly from a desktop, without the need for any cumbersome interfaces or complicated procedures. In fact, transferring files to or from an Android device is basically no different than plugging an external hard drive into your computer and moving data to or from it.
All you need is your phone, your computer and a cable to connect 'em — with micro-USB or USB-C on the phone side and USB-A or USB-C on the computer side, depending on the specifics of your devices. (Most newer high-end Android phones use USB-C, whereas most pre-2016 devices and many current budget-level phones have the older micro-USB standard. USB-A, meanwhile, is the traditional connector port you're used to seeing on computers, while some newer models like Apple's latest MacBooks have USB-C.) There's a decent chance that the same cable that connects your phone to its wall charger will work.
Got it? Good. Here's what you need to do next, depending on whether you have a Windows or a Mac system:
Android file transfers for Windows computers
With Windows, things are as simple as can be. Just plug your phone into any open USB port on the computer, then turn on your phone's screen and unlock the device.
Swipe your finger down from the top of the screen, and you should see a notification about the current USB connection. At this point, it'll probably tell you your phone is connected only for charging.
Android file transfers - enabling file transfers JR Raphael / IDG
After you connect your phone to your computer, a notification will let you prepare it for transferring files.
Tap the notification and select "Transfer files" or "File transfer" in the menu that appears. If media files are all you're planning to move, you could also use the "Transfer photos" (sometimes listed as "PTP") option, which'll treat your phone like a digital camera. Once you've made your selection, go to your desktop and open up a File Explorer window using the method that makes the most sense for your Windows configuration:
click the File Explorer icon in your taskbar
open the Start menu and click Computer
click the Computer or My Computer icon on your desktop
Then look for an icon representing your phone alongside other portable devices and drives. Click or double-click that icon, and ta-da! You're staring at your Android phone's internal storage. You can now click around and browse folders, drag and drop files between your phone and PC or manipulate the data in any way you want.
Android file transfers: browsing Android files in Windows
JR Raphael / IDG
Your Android phone's storage looks like any regular hard drive when viewed from a computer.
[ Further reading: 7 ways Android and Windows 10 work well together ]
Android file transfers for Mac computers
Got a Mac? The Android file transfer process is a bit more complicated for you — but fear not, for it's still pretty darn easy.
The main difference is that before things will work, you'll need to download and install an official Google program called Android File Transfer. To use the program, your Mac must be running OS X 10.5 or later, and your Android device must have Android 3.0 or later — something that should pretty much be a given with any reasonably recent Android product.
Once that's in place on your Mac, just plug your phone into your computer, turn on your phone's screen and unlock the device, and then look for the same USB status notification described above.
Tap the notification and select "Transfer files" or "File transfer." The Android File Transfer program should then automatically open on your Mac, and you should be able to browse your phone's storage and transfer files to your heart's content.